|Island Pond, is the "Gateway to the Silvio O. Conte National Fish
and Wildlife Refuge Nulhegan Basin." The surrounding area offers
breathtaking views and a diversity of activities year round.
- The Nulhegan Basin contains 16 rare or exemplary
natural communities of seven types: black spruce swamp, spruce-fir-tamarack
swamp, lowland bog, remote pond, tannic water lake/pond, warm
acidic/circumneutral talus and acidic/circumneutral cliff.
- The Mollie Beattie Bog is one of the important
natural communities identified by the Vermont Nongame Natural Heritage Program
- The Yellow Bogs area is part of a unique wetlands
complex, including black spruce swamp, lowland bogs, open sedge meadows, and
shrub thickets. This complex is listed in the 1990 United States Fish &
Wildlife Service (USFWS) Regional Wetlands Concept plan.
- The basin is also important breeding habitat for
migratory birds (Partners in Flight considers northern Vermont and New Hampshire
as one of the most important areas in the Northeast).
- Stream habitat throughout the basin (and Paul
Stream, specifically) has been identified in an Environmental Impact Statement
presented by a USFWS fisheries team as a "special focus area."
- The Nulhegan Basin is an important stronghold for
nesting thrushes and warblers. Boreal forests in the basin support
watershed-rare or management concern species, including the spruce grouse, gray
jay, Wilson's warbler, olive sided flycatcher, rusty blackbird, black-backed
woodpecker and 3-toed woodpecker.
- Black, ring-necked, and wood ducks, as well as
hooded mergansers and loons nest in the basin's ponds and forested
- Vermont's only viable population of spruce grouse
live in the basin.
- Two watershed-rare mammal species have been reported
in the Wenlock Management Area; rock vole and southern bog
- The largest deer-wintering area in Vermont is in the
- Self-reproducing wild brook trout live in the
basin's pristine streams.